The earthworms are strange and small creatures, but they are a great asset to our garden.
- Enriching soil with nutrients
Earthworms help create humus, which is important for plant growth. Live with plant residues (manure, grass, leaves and dead roots). They create organic waste that is rich in nutrients needed for plants. The resulting nitrogen is easier to access for plants. The tunnels they create, helping to aerate the soil roots can also grow better.
- Better drainage
Earthworms improve dewatering and prevent soil erosion. Thanks to their raking, they aerate the soil. The resulting tunnels help to irrigate the soil better because water is held in them.
- Improving the soil structure
Earthworms secrete sticky substances, which together with minerals help protect organic matter and soil structure.
Their dung is among the best fertilizer.
How to attract earthworms to the garden
- If you have a few earthworms in the garden, it means the soil is compacted and organic material is missing. You can add chopped leaves, straw, cut grass, dead roots, or spreading manure or compost. The earthworms find their livelihood here.
- They also prefer a damp and cooler environment.
- They are very sensitive to chemical and physical changes in soil, do not use saltwater or chemical fertilizer applications.
- Also, deep plowing is not ideal for them. They prefer land rather unbroken, orying down their tunnels.
- Provide them with the necessary pH, suitable for acidic environments with a pH of less than 4.5. Adding lime will increase the pH.
This species is intended for direct farming. They process biological waste and produce good fertilizer that helps plants – increases fertility and disease resistance. The earthworms can be harvested in compost or in special containers – vermicomposts.